Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corporation (PAGCOR) is the Philippines' largest contributor of revenue to the government after the Tax and Customs Authority. It is a government-owned and -controlled corporation first established in by Presidential Decree 1067-A and entered itself in a contract with Philippine Casino Operators Corporation (PCOC) in operating the floating casino in the Manila Bay in 1977. However, gutted by fire in 1979, for which reason, PAGCOR shifted its operations to land-based casinos and entered into another contract with PCOC for the management of a casino at the Provident International and Resources Corporation (PIRC) building on Imelda Avenue, Parañaque City, Metro Manila, Philippines. Then under the Presidential Decree 1869 in 1983, it was mandated as the sole government corporation to conduct and establish gaming pools and casinos. In 1986 it was reestablished and reorganized by Pres. Corazon C. Aquino with New PAGCOR as its short name to help raise funds for the government; appointing Norberto Quisumbing as its first Chairman and later on the former Development Bank of the Philippines chair Alicia LL. Reyes as its Chair and CEO. She was succeeded by Ephraim Genuino under the appointment by Pres. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo in 2001. The firm operates its own casinos and several VIP slot clubs in major cities across the country. It also oversees and regulates privately owned casinos, more than 180 bingo parlors as well as e-games cafes across the country. The company employs more than 11,000 employees. In June 2007 PAGCOR had its most significant piece of legislation with the passage of Republic Act 9487 granting the state-run gaming firm, under the leadership of Chairman Genuino, another 25 years to regulate and operate games of chance, to issue licenses, and to enter into joint venture, management, or investment agreements with private entities for the Entertainment City in the Manila Bay area, Paranaque and in Newport City, Pasay in particular. Chairman Genuino successfully attracted investors to the project to put up Las Vegas-style integrated resorts. Two integrated resorts have opened as of 1 November 2014.
a slot amusement cafe beside Manila Grand Opera House
PAGCOR is under the Office of the President of the Philippines. As of December 31, 2009, the Pagcor Board is composed of Chairman/CEO - Efraim C. Genuino, President/COO - Rafael Butch Francisco, Directors - Imelda Dimaporo, Philip G. Lo, Manuel C. Roxas and Susana Vargas (ex officio) and Corporate Secretary - Carlos R. Bautista.