The City of Naga (Bikol: Ciudad nin Naga, Maogmang Naga; Filipino: Lungsod ng Naga) is an independent component city in the Bicol Region of the Philippines. The city was established in 1575 on order of Spanish Governor-General Francisco de Sande, the city, then named Ciudad de Nueva Caceres (New Caceres City), earned its status as the third Spanish royal city in the Philippine islands, after Cebu and Manila.
Naga is nicknamed as the "Heart of Bicol" for its geographical location near the center of the Bicol Peninsula. It is the second largest city in the Bicol Region (Region V) in terms of population and the religious, financial, educational, trade, and commercial center of the Bicol Region. Residents of the city are called Nagueños.
Naga City is at the core of Metro Naga, an official designation given the City and 14 municipalities in the area administered by the Metro Naga Development Council. MNDC covers the entire 2nd district of the province of Camarines Sur, and part of its 1st, 3rd and 4th districts.
Naga City is the Bicol Region's top tourist destination not only because of the Peñafrancia Festival but also because of a convenient disembarkation point and base for other tourist destinations in the southern Bicol Region like the Caramoan, Camarines Sur, the upscale resort of Misibis, butanding (whale shark) watching during their migration in Donsol, the white sand beaches of Sorsogon and surfing beaches of Catanduanes provinces.
The city of Naga is located within the province of Camarines Sur in the southeastern tip of Luzon at the near the center of the Bicol Region, surrounded on all sides by rich agricultural, forest and fishing areas. It covers a land area of Template:Convert and is located around the serpentine and historic Naga River, at the confluence of the Naga and Bikol Rivers. Thus, it has always been an ideal place for trade and as center for schools, church and government offices. Included in its territory is Mount Isarog, a declared protected area in Region V known as Mount Isarog Natural Park.
The City of Naga is politically subdivided into 45 <a data-rte-meta="%7B%22type%22%3A%22internal%22%2C%22text%22%3A%22barangay%22%2C%22link%22%3A%22barangay%22%2C%22wasblank%22%3Atrue%2C%22noforce%22%3Atrue%2C%22wikitext%22%3A%22%5B%5Bbarangay%5D%5D%22%7D" data-rte-instance="79-2020421870529ac4b58444b" href="/wiki/Barangay?action=edit&redlink=1" class="new" title="Barangay (page does not exist)">barangays</a>. <img data-rte-meta="%7B%22type%22%3A%22double-brackets%22%2C%22lineStart%22%3A%221%22%2C%22title%22%3A%22div%20col%22%2C%22placeholder%22%3A1%2C%22wikitext%22%3A%22%7B%7Bdiv%20col%7Ccols%3D3%7D%7D%22%7D" data-rte-instance="79-2020421870529ac4b58444b" class="placeholder placeholder-double-brackets" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIABAAAAAP///yH5BAEAAAEALAAAAAABAAEAQAICTAEAOw%3D%3D" type="double-brackets" />
- Abella (CBD I)
- Bagumbayan Norte
- Bagumbayan Sur
- Concepcion Grande
- Concepcion Pequeña
- Del Rosario
- Dinaga (CBD I)
- Igualdad Interior(CBD I)
- Lerma (CBD II)
- <a data-rte-meta="%7B%22type%22%3A%22internal%22%2C%22text%22%3A%22Pe%5Cu00f1afrancia%22%2C%22link%22%3A%22Pe%5Cu00f1afrancia%22%2C%22wasblank%22%3Atrue%2C%22noforce%22%3Atrue%2C%22wikitext%22%3A%22%5B%5BPe%5Cu00f1afrancia%5D%5D%22%7D" data-rte-instance="79-2020421870529ac4b58444b" href="/wiki/Pe%C3%B1afrancia?action=edit&redlink=1" class="new" title="Peñafrancia (page does not exist)">Peñafrancia</a>
- Sabang (CBD I)
- San Agustin I
- San Agustin II
- San Agustin Norte
- San Bartolome Norte
- San Bartolome Sur
- Sta. Cruz
- San Felipe
- San Francisco (CBD II)
- San Isidro
- Tabuco (CBD I)
- Triangulo (CBD II)
- Zamora (CBD I)
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Before the coming of Spanish conquerors, Naga was already a flourishing village along the banks of the Naga River. It was an important village with comparatively sophisticated weaponry and surprisingly advanced culture.
Spanish colonial period
In 1573, on his second expedition to this region, the conquistador Juan de Salcedo landed in a village and named it "Naga" because of the abundance of Narra trees ("Naga" in Bikol) in the place, although some local historians now believe the term naga came from a similar word found in the languages of the Bataks of Sumatra and the Dayaks of Borneo, meaning "serpent/dragon". The same word is found in other Philippine languages and according to local historian Danilo Gerona, the ancient Tagalogs and Pampangos used a decorative figurehead on the prows of their seacrafts in the shape of the head of a dragon or snake which they called naga.
In 1575, Captain Pedro de Chávez, the commander of the garrison left behind by Salcedo, founded on the site of the present business centre (across the river from the original Naga) a Spanish city which he named La Ciudad de Cáceres, in honor of Francisco de Sande, the governor-general and a native of the city of Cáceres in Spain. It was still by this name that it was identified in the papal bull of August 14, 1595 that erected the See of Cáceres, together with those of Cebú and Nueva Segovia, and made it the seat of the new bishopric under the Archdiocese of Manila.
In time, the Spanish city and the native village merged into one community and became popularly known as Nueva Cáceres, to distinguish it from its namesake in Spain. It had a city government as prescribed by Spanish law, with an ayuntamiento and cabildo of its own. At the beginning of the 17th century, there were only five other ciudades in the Philippines. Nueva Cáceres remained the capital of the Ambos Camarines provinces and later of the Camarines Sur province until the formal creation of the independent chartered city of Naga under the Philippine Republic.
The bishops of Cáceres occupied a unique place in the Philippine Catholic hierarchy during most of the Spanish regime. By virtue of the papal bull of Gregory XIII, ecclesiastical cases originating in the Spanish East Indies, which ordinarily were appealable to the Pope, were ordered to be terminated there and no longer elevated to Rome. Decisions of bishops were made appealable to the archbishop and those of the latter to the bishop of the nearest see. Thus, in the Philippines, the decisions of the Archbishop of Manila were subject to review by the Bishop of Cáceres whose jurisdiction then extended from the whole Bicol region, the island-province of Marinduque and the present-day Aurora, which was once part of the former Tayabas province, which is now the province of Quezon. In this sense, bishops of Bikol were delegates of the Pope and could be considered primates of the Church of the Philippines.
This was the reason why bishops of Cáceres and archbishops of Manila were sometimes engaged in interesting controversies in the sensational Naga case and in such issues as canonical visitation and the secularization of the parishes. As papal delegate, Bishop Francisco Gaínza, then concurrent bishop of Cáceres, sat in the special ecclesiastical tribunal which passed upon the civil authorities' petition to divest Fathers Burgos, Gómez, and Zamora of their priestly dignity. Gaínza did not only refuse the petition but also urged their pardon.
For hundreds of years during the Spanish colonial era, Naga grew to become the center of trade, education and culture, and the seat of ecclesiastical jurisdiction in Bicol.
American colonial period
With the advent of the American rule, the city was reduced to a municipality. In 1919, it lost its Spanish name and became officially known as Naga. It acquired its present city charter in 1948, and its city government was inaugurated on December 15 of the same year by virtue of Republic Act No. 305. Rep. Juan Q. Miranda sponsored this legislative act which put flesh into the city's bid to become among the only few independent component cities in the country.
The city is the ecclesiastical seat of the Archdiocese of Caceres whose jurisdiction covers five suffragan dioceses -- Legazpi, Daet, Masbate, Sorsogon, Virac and Libmanan. The city is also the seat of the Primate of the Bicol region. This dominant faith is supported by the presence of old and influential Catholic institutions, from universities to churches run by different religious institutes, notably the Ateneo de Naga University by the Jesuits; the Universidad de Sta. Isabel by the Daughters of Charity; the Naga Metropolitan Cathedral; Peñafrancia Basilica Minore; Peñafrancia Shrine; and Our Lady of Peñafrancia Museum.
The Peñafrancia Festival
The city celebrates the Feast of Nuestra Señora de Peñafrancia Our Lady of Peñafrancia, the Patroness of the Bicol Region starting second Friday of September each year. The start of the 10-day feast, one of the largest Marian devotions in the country, is signalled by a procession (called Traslacion) which transfers the centuries-old image of the Blessed Virgin Mary from its shrine at the Peñafrancia Basilica Minore to the 400-year old Naga Metropolitan Cathedral. Coinciding with nine days of novena prayer at the cathedral, the city celebrates with parades, pageants, street parties, singing contests, exhibits, concerts, and other activities. Finally, on the third Saturday of September, the image is returned shoulder-borne by so-called voyadores to the Basilica Minore de Nuestra Señora de Peñafrancia via the historic Naga River.
Other Christian organization are represented by Iglesia ni Cristo (INC) whose imposing church is a landmark along Panganiban Drive, Members Church of God International popularly known as Ang Dating Daan (ADD), Seventh Day Adventist and Bible Baptist whose churches are located along Magsaysay Avenue; while other Christians go to the Methodist Church which is among the old structures along Peñafrancia Avenue. There is also a medium concentration of Jesus Miracle Crusade in the City.
Islam, Buddhism and other faiths
One of the other major religions that are represented in Naga City is Islam where a mosque is located at Greenland in Brgy. Concepcion Pequeña. Followers of Hinduism has a temple along Basilica Road in Brgy. Balatas. A shrine for the followers of Taoism is located along Lerma Street in Brgy. Triangulo.
Places of interest
Churches and monasteries
- Naga Metropolitan Cathedral is the oldest cathedral established in the whole southern Luzon. It was built in 1573, and was inaugurated in 1575. It is also the cathedral of the Archdiocese of Caceres
- Our Lady of Penafrancia Shrine is the original home of Our Lady of Peñafrancia for two centuries. It was established in 1750.
- Peñafrancia Basilica Minore, established in 1985, it is the new home of Our Lady of Peñafrancia where the Traslacion starts when her image is led into procession around the city streets then brought to the cathedral.
- San Francisco Church, established in 1578, it is the first church in the region built by the Franciscan Friars. The surrender of the Spanish forces to the Bikol revolutionaries Elias Angeles and Felix Plazo took place here on September 18, 1896. The church was reduced to rubble by the heavy bombing of Naga in World War II, and the church remained in ruins until the present new edifice was constructed.
- St. Jude Churches in del Rosario
- Carmelite Church and Monastery
- Holy Rosary Major Seminary and Church
- Immaculate Conception Church
- Caritas Mariae Church in Pacol
- Christ the King Church, Ateneo de Naga Univ.
- Holy Cross Parish Church in Barangay Tabuco
- Mount Isarog is a dormant volcano and a national park open for trekking and mountain biking
- Malabsay Falls
- Mt. Isarog Hot Springs and resorts
- Casa Ofelia Resort in Carolina
- Stonehouse Gardens Resort
Nine sites and landmarks in the city with historical value
- Calle Via Gainza, now Peñafrancia Avenue, was first known as Via Gainza in honor of Bishop Francisco Gainza, O.P. (1863–1879), the 25th and considered as the greatest Spanish bishop of the See of Caceres.
- Calle Real, now Elias Angeles Street, was one of the earliest streets in Spanish Nueva Caceres laid out at the close of the 16th century. The street figured as a historic backdrop to the events of September 1898, which established the Filipino revolutionary government headed by Elias Angeles.
- Calle de Legaspi at the western portion of Panganiban Drive, was established in 1839 after the Naga River was straightened as a short cut from Calle Real to the new western bank of the river.
- Casa Real site on General Luna Street. The Casa Real, the government building of Nueva Caceres, was established at this location in 1588
- Casa Tribunal site on Elias Angeles Street was the original site of the Casa Tribunal or “common house” which provided free rooms to travelers until 1839.
- Casino Español site at the corner Elias Angeles and Arana Street, was the location of Casino Español, a spacious building of piedra china and wood that served as the social and recreational center of the male Spanish population of Nueva Caceres and neighboring towns.
- House of Tomas Prieto site at the corner Panganiban Drive and Peñafrancia Avenue was the site of the Bicolano martyr, Tomas Prieto, who was executed on January 4, 1897 at the Bagumbayan Field in Manila together with ten others, collectively known as the "Bicol Martyrs."
- The Naga City Police Station on Barlin Street was the site of the Cuartel General of the Guardia Civil in Camarines that was constructed in 1870, but was razed by fire caused by faulty electrical wiring.
- Puente de Naga, now Lt. Delfin Rosales Bridge, the massively designed concrete bridge was constructed in 1847 and was known as Puente de Naga, and until the 1920s when the bridge was renamed in honor of Bicolano Jose Maria Panganiban. It was renamed again in 1989, to honor Lt. Delfin C. Rosales in World War II, during the battle for Naga in April 1945.
- The Holy Rosary Minor Seminary Museum showcases Bicol's ancient relics and artifacts like burial jars, ancient china wares,rare stones and ritual objects. The museum also features local church history where old Church vestiges and sacred objects are displayed.
- The Penafrañcia Museum contains sacred vestiges related to Marian devotion to Our Lady of Peñafrancia.
- The University of Nueva Caceres Museum is one of the oldest museums outside Manila and recognized by the International Association of Museum. It houses historical artifacts of the ancient Bikol, its people and culture.
- Bicol Science and Technology Centrum is a science museum established in 1993 in partnership with the Department of Science and Technology to cater to the science and technology education for the young, professionals, teachers andenthusiasts alike. It features an exhibit of interactive gadgets, a skywatch gallery, a sci-cubby hole for the kids, an audio-visual room and a cybercafé for internet users.
Sports and recreation
- Metro Naga Sports Complex in Barangay Pacol has Olympic-sized swimming pools, tennis courts and a track oval.
- Naga City Coliseum (Big Dome of the South)
- The nightlife in Naga City is considered to be the most vibrant in Bicol. It is concentrated along Magsaysay Avenue where restaurants, bars and music lounges re lined up catering to tourist and locals alike.
Naga City is one of the centers of education in the Bicol Region with numerous academic institutions including three universities. The Ateneo de Naga University (ADNU) is a Jesuit university in the Bicol Region. The school is accredited with PAASCU since 1979, making it one of the best universities in the country. The Universidad de Santa Isabel is the oldest normal school for girls in Southeast Asia inaugurated on April 12, 1869. It is a sectarian school run by the religious Daughters of Charity Sisters. The University of Nueva Caceres is the very first university south of Luzon, outside of Manila. It is the region's largest university in terms of enrollment and one of the top-ranked law schools in the region.
The Philippine Women's University has its Career Development and Continuing Education Center in the city, while the University of the Philippines opened its Open University in USI to cater to distant-education students. The Bicol College of Arts and Trade, now Camarines Sur Polytechnic Colleges, has also a large student base in the city. One of the leading maritime schools in the country, Mariners Polytechnic Colleges Foundation, has two campuses in Metro Naga, one along Panganiban Drive and another in Canaman, a suburban town.
The Naga College Foundation is the leading Criminology school in the region. It has produced topnotch placements in the National Police Commission Examinations and the Criminologist Licensure Exams through the years.
The oldest live-in Christian higher educational institute for the clergy in the country was established in the city in the early part of the 18th century. The Holy Rosary Seminary (El Seminario del Santissimo Rosario), a Roman Catholic seminary run by the Archdiocese of Caceres, has produced 22 bishops, including the first Filipino bishop, Jorge Barlin, and the first Filipino Cardinal to work in the Roman Curia, Jose Cardinal Sanchez. It has richly contributed as well to the national heritage through Jose Ma. Panganiban and Tomas Arejola and 7 of the 15 Bikol Martyrs. On January 29, 1988, the National Historical Institute declared the Holy Rosary Seminary as a National Historical Landmark.
Secondary education and lower
The government-run Camarines Sur National High School registers over 10,000 enrollees every school year and it is the biggest secondary school in the region. Naga City Science High School was established in Naga City in 1994. Two schools in the city, Saint Joseph School(SJS) and Naga Hope Christian School (NHCS), caters to Filipino-Chinese students.
The Naga Parochial School (NPS) is the largest Parochial school in the Bicol region receiving 850 enrollees yearly. It is run by priests of the Archdiocese of Caceres. It is the first PAASCU-accredited parochial school in the Philippines. Some members of the clergy (63 as of 2007 with 3 bishops) assigned to the city are alumnis of the school. This is an exclusive Catholic school for boys with Most Rev. Leonardo Z. Legaspi as chair of the Board Trustees.
Arborvitae Plains Montessori, Inc. (formerly Casa Dei Bambini Montessori), is a Montessori school with eleven branches spread all over the Philippines offering education according to the Montessori method modified for the Philippine curriculum. The Naga City Montessori School was established in 1989 offering pre-school, grade school and high school education. The Village Montessori on San Leandro St. is the only school in the Bicol Region that offers the real Montessori method which follows the continuous progression curriculum of the American Montessori Society.
Specialized computer schools have also mushroomed in the city due to popularity of computer courses, both degree and short-term. AMA Computer University and STI College have established campuses in the city. Other specialized computer schools include Worldtech Resources Institute (WRI), Philippine Computer Foundation College (PCFC) and CCDI.
Tutorial and review centers for higher education are found in the city. Some of these centers are Art Review Center, Edgeworth Review Center, and AimOne Review Center. Tutorial centers such as Asiawise Study Center], which is located along Barlin St. (near Naga Cathedral), also offer review programs for UP and other college entrance tests, Philippine Science High School qualifying exam, and Law Aptitude Exam.
Naga City is the trade, and commercial center of the Bicol Region. Several international companies are in Naga City. Naga City is also the home of business when it comes to commercialization and industrialization of the city. Naga City also has four shopping centers, SM Naga, the Enrile Shopping Center, the Liberty Central Shopping Mall, and the LCC Central Mall.
The main road in the city is Magsaysay Avenue or Magsaysay Boulevard which starts from the City Hall district, connecting it to the Magsaysay District where accommodations and restaurants catering to travelers are found. Businesses are open till late at night with some shops also open 24/7. Naga City also has its share of fastfood restaurant chains. The city hall, provincial capitol and several provincial offices are also located in the district around the Peniafrancia Basilica.
Banking and Finance
The city hosts the regional offices of Philippine National Bank, Metrobank, RCBC, Allied Bank, Bank of the Philippine Islands and the Philippine Postal Savings Bank. A number of banks have several branches in the city, like MetroBank, RCBC, Bank of the Philippine Islands, and BDO UniBank. A leading thrift bank, RCBC Savings Bank, enjoys patronage from both Filipino and Chinese businessmen. Robinsons Bank of the Gokongwei group has also set up its branch in the city. One of the biggest rural banks in the country, Bank of Makati, is also found in the city. Two small albeit very active banks, Asia United Bank and Philippine Farmers Bank, are the two latest banks to open in the city. Meanwhile Banco de Oro opened their fourth branch in the city at the Seaoil Mega Station along Magsaysay Avenue.
Naga City is easily accessible by air and land. The city is served by the Naga (WNP) Airport which is located in the barangay of San Jose in the nearby town of Pili. Flights from Ninoy Aquino International Airport to Naga takes approximately 35–40 minutes with services provided by Cebu Pacific and Air Philippines three and two times a day, respectively. By land, Naga is a 7 to 8-hour ride from Manila via Quirino & Andaya Highways or 10 hours via the Maharlika Highway. It is approximately 22 hours from Cebu City with ferry transfers in Sorsogon, the southernmost province of the Bicol peninsula. Buses ply to Sorsogon and Tacloban. Daily rail services to and from Manila were used to be provided by the Philippine National Railways.
Naga is served by landline and mobile phone companies like BayanTel and Digitel of the Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company. Major mobile phone providers in the area include Globe, Smart, and Sun Cellular.
Template:For ABS-CBN Corporation had expanded its network in Bicol by establishing ABS-CBN Naga which operates ABS-CBN channel 11 Naga, Studio 23 channel 23 Naga, and MOR!. Local shows such as TV Patrol Bicol, Marhay na Aga Kapamilya and MAGTV Oragon are aired in the whole region via ABS-CBN Regional Network Group which is also stationed in the city. ABC5 also airs shows in the city through its affiliate station People's Broadcasting Network (PBN TV 5 Naga). GMA Network's GMA channel 7 and GMA News TV channel 28 is also available.
Naga City has a good number of FM and AM radio stations of in the region, some of which operate 24 hours daily. The city's cable and satellite TV companies include Naga Cable TV, Caceres Cable TV and SkyCable.
- Bicol Mail
- Kaiba News and Features
- Bikol Reporter
- Vox Bikol
- Bicol Herald
The weather in the city from March to May is hot and dry with temperature ranging from Template:Convert. From June to October is the typhoon season and it is generally rainy. From November to February, the climate is cooler with temperatures ranging from Template:Convert. The average year-round humidity is 77%. Template:Climate chart
Naga City is home to the two of the biggest hospitals in the Bicol Region. The government owned Bicol Medical Center and the Universidad de Sta. Isabel - Mother Seton Hospital owned and operated by the Daughters of Charity. It also houses the only medical district in Bicol, The Metropolitan Medical District.
- Bicol Medical Center (BMC), formerly called the Camarines Sur Regional Hospital, is located in Concepcion Pequeña, offers specialty training in Internal Medicine, Pediatrics, General Surgery, Obstetric and Gynecology, Anesthesiology, Radiology, Ophthalmology, Otolaryngology, Orthopedics and Traumatology. This is also the base hospital of the Helen Keller Foundation where eye specialists all over the country are trained and later assigned in different parts of the Philippines.
- Universidad de Sta. Isabel- Mother Seton Hospital (USI - MSH), is one of the biggest private hospital in the Bicol Region for the number of admissions, medical equipment facility, number of beds available, physical structure and number of board certified medical consultants. It is the only private hospital in Bicol offering specialty training programs accredited by the Philippine Medical Association’s component society in major fields of Medicine, like in Internal Medicine, Pediatrics, and General Surgery.
- Camarines Sur Provincial Hospital is one of the largest hospital in the Bicol Region and in Camarines Sur. It was created and founded in 1989 through Republic Act 9963. This integrated hospital is one of the first-class hospitals in the Philippines.
- The Plaza Medica houses the Naga Endocrine Laboratory (also called the Endolab), a modern specialty laboratory facility and hormone laboratory Naga.
- St. John Hospital (tertiary hospital)
- Ago Foundation Hospital (tertiary hospital)
- Dr. Nilo Roa Memorial Hospital (secondary hospital)
- Metropolitan Naga Medical Center (secondary hospital)
- Naga City Hospital (government hospital)
- Bicol Access Health Centrum (Private hospital)
- NICC Naga Doctors Hospital (Private hospital/under construction)
City Youth Programs
Currently, Naga City is considered as the Youth Capital of the Philippines for its high empowerment for the youth. Some of the reasons are the Youth Code authored by City Councilor Hon. Ray-an Cydrick Rentoy and co-authored by Sangguniang Kabataan Federation President Hon. Dan Paolo Morales, the City Youth Officials Program, being member of the city council of the SKF President, recognition of various youth orgranizations, the Naga City Council for Youth Affairs, etc.
City Youth Officials Program
By virtue of SP Ordinance No. 2007-008, as amended by Ordinance No. 2009-017 dated March 19, 2007 and March 17, 2009 respectively Institutionalizing the Naga City Youth Officials Program and declared the period from April 15 to May 31 each year as City Youth Month. During this period, youth officials will be given the opportunity to handle the operations of the city government except in areas, which are policy determining or requiring monetary disbursements. Each year, 45 youths will be selected through a two-phase selection process (written and oral examinations) from a pool of qualified youth applicants/nominees in Naga City. The youths that will be selected will be appointed as follows: Template:Div col
- City Youth Mayor
- City Youth Vice-Mayor
- 12 City Youth Councilors
- City Youth Administrator
- City Youth Secretary to the Sangguniang Panglungsod
- City Youth Planning and Development Coordinator
- City Youth Treasurer
- City Youth Assessor
- City Youth Budget Officer
- City Youth Legal Officer
- City Youth Agriculturist
- City Youth Veterinarian
- City Youth Environment and Natural Resources Officer
- City Youth Secretary to the Mayor
- City Youth Market Superintendent
- City Youth Population and Nutrition Officer
- City Youth Accountant
- City Youth Engineer
- City Youth Metro Peso Manager
- City Youth Social Welfare and Development Officer
- City Youth Human Resource Management Officer
- City Youth Civil Registrar
- City Youth General Services Officer
- City Youth Health Officer
- City Youth Librarian
- City Youth Urban Poor Affairs Officer
- City Youth Science and Technology Centrum Administrator
- City Youth Public Safety Officer
- City Youth Electronics Data Processing Officer
- City Youth Chief of Hospital
- City Youth NCPC Program Director
- City Youth NCPC Chairperson
- 2 City Youth NCPC Sectoral Representatives
Naga City Map
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- Template:Flagicon Shishi City, China
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- List of renamed cities and municipalities in the Philippines
- Education in the Philippines
- List of colleges and universities in the Philippines
- ↑ Cite error: Invalid
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- ↑ "Protected Areas in Region 5". Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau. Retrieve don 2012-05-23.
- ↑ "Naga City Charter". LawPH.com. http://lawph.com/statutes/ra305-naga-city-charter.html. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
- ↑ Barrameda,Jr., Jose V.. "Naga’s historical landmarks". Naga City Official Website. Retrieved on 2012-05-23.
- ↑ "Heritage Tour". See Naga. Retrieved on 2012-06-13.
- ↑ "Fun things to do in Naga City". Virtual Tourist. Retrieved on 2012-06-13.
- ↑ "Region V". AMA Computer University. Retrieved on 2012-05-13.
- ↑ "STI College - Naga". STI College. Retrieved on 2012-05-13.
- ↑ Atiyah, Jeremy (2002). "Rough Guide to Southeast Asia", pg. 880. Rough Guides Ltd., London. ISBN 1-85828-893-2.
- ↑ "General Information". See Naga - Official Website of Naga City. Retrieved on 2012-05-13.
- ↑ "Bicol Medical Center"
- ↑ "Universidad de Sta. Isabel-Mother Seton Hospital".
- ↑  Naga City Youth Officials Website
- Official website of Naga City
- Official Site of the Archdiocese of Caceres
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- 2000 Philippine Census Information
- 2007 Philippine Census Information
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